Appropriations Watch: FY 2024
Updated 9/24/2023: The new fiscal year begins on October 1 and Congress must enact either a continuing resolution (CR) or regular appropriations for FY 2024 by the end of next week to avoid a government shutdown. The Senate has been trying to advance a three-bill "minibus" appropriations package and may also vote on a CR early next week. The House is preparing to vote on full-year appropriations bills, after leaders introduced a one-month CR with border security provisions attached that has not been considered for a floor vote.
With the enactment of the Fiscal Responsibility Act (FRA), appropriations bills were marked up in the House and Senate in June and July. The FRA caps total base discretionary spending at $1.590 trillion for FY 2024, with base defense spending capped at $886 billion (a 3 percent increase from FY 2023) and base nondefense spending capped at $704 billion (up to a 9 percent decrease from FY 2023, depending on how it is measured).
As we did last year, we'll be tracking the bills as they move from committee to the House and Senate floor and onto the President's desk.
The table below shows the status of each appropriations bill. To learn more about the appropriations process, read our Appropriations 101 paper.
Appropriations will be one of several deadlines Congress will face over the coming months. See a list of the upcoming fiscal deadlines here.
As we explain in Appropriations 101, the House and Senate Appropriations Committees approve 302(b) spending levels for each subcommittee after the topline 302(a) levels are determined by the Budget Committees. Below is an excerpt (click here to read the full report).
The table below compares actual funding for FY 2023 with the FY 2024 302(b) allocations from the House and Senate.
|Budget Authority Allocations to Appropriations Subcommittees (billions)|
|Subcommittee||FY 23 Enacted Level||President's FY 24 Budget||House FY 24||Senate FY 24|
|Commerce, Justice, Science||$82.4||N/A||$58.7||$69.6|
|Energy and Water Development||$54.0||N/A||$52.4||$56.7|
|Financial Services and General Government||$27.6||N/A||$11.3||$17.0|
|Labor, HHS, Education||$207.4||N/A||$147.1||$195.2|
|Legislative Branch||$6.9||N/A||$6.7 ($5.3 House-only spending formally approved)||$6.8|
|Military Construction, VA||$154.2||N/A||$155.7||$154.4|
|State, Foreign Operations||$59.7||N/A||$41.4||$58.4|
|Undistributed Changes in Mandatory Programs||N/A||-$30.6*||N/A||N/A|
|Total, Base Discretionary||$1.602 trillion||$1.695 trillion*||$1.471 trillion^||$1.590 trillion^|
Sources: House Appropriations Committee, Senate Appropriations Committee, CBO estimate of H.R. 2617 (FY 2023 omnibus), Office of Management and Budget, CQ.
*The President's FY 2024 budget proposes $1.726 trillion in discretionary funding partially offset by $30.6 billion in changes in mandatory spending programs (CHIMPs).
^The Senate 302(b) totals reflect the cap as enacted in the Fiscal Responsibility Act; the House is expected to limit its total to the FY 2022 level. New Senate allocations with emergency spending and other revisions that were filed on September 12 total $1.652 trillion and include $36.7 billion for emergency spending, $20.4 billion for disaster relief, and $2.65 billion for wildfire suppression. Emergency spending is distributed as follows: $10.8 billion for Transportation-HUD, $8 billion for Defense, $4.5 billion for Labor=HHS-Education, $4.3 billion for Homeland Security, $3.25 billion for State-Foreign Operations, $2.25 billion for Commerce-Justice-Science, $2.195 billion for Interior-Environment, and $1.365 billion for Energy-Water. Disaster relief is spending is allocated to Homeland Security ($20.261 billion) and Financial Services-General Government ($143 million). All $2.65 billion in fire suppression spending is allocated to Interior-Environment.