What’s in the White House’s $106 Billion Supplemental Request?

The Biden Administration submitted to Congress an emergency supplemental funding request last week totaling nearly $106 billion. The request includes funding to address the conflicts in Ukraine, Israel, and Gaza as well as funding for border security initiatives and international concerns in the Indo-Pacific region.

Summary of White House Supplemental Request

Category Amount
Ukraine Military, Economic, & Humanitarian Aid $61.4 billion
Israel Military & Humanitarian Aid $14.3 billion
Border Security $13.6 billion
Humanitarian Aid for Ukraine, Israel, Gaza, and others $11.2 billion
Indo-Pacific Aid & Submarine Capacity $5.4 billion
Total $105.8 billion

Sources: White House Office of Management and Budget and CRFB analysis.

The supplemental request includes $61.4 billion in military, economic, and humanitarian assistance for Ukraine. The request is broadly broken down into $18 billion to replenish American military stockpiles, $12 billion for the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative, $11.8 billion to provide the Ukrainian government with another 12 months of direct budget support, $6.9 billion to the various branches of the United States military for providing personnel support and other services to Ukraine, and $12.7 billion for other purposes.

The next largest sum – $14.3 billion – would be provided to Israel in the form of military and humanitarian assistance. This includes $5 billion for weapons procurement, $4.4 billion for general military support activities and drawdown replenishment, and $3.5 billion in Foreign Military Financing. The request also includes $11.2 billion in humanitarian aid not directly linked to one nation or conflict in particular, although $9.2 billion of that total would be for disaster and refugee assistance related to the ongoing conflicts in Ukraine, Israel, and Gaza.

The request includes $13.6 billion for border security, including $9 billion for Customs and Border Protection, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and other law enforcement efforts on the southern border; $3.2 billion for humanitarian and refugee assistance for migrants; and $2.2 billion to improve processing capacity, court operations, and legal support for migrants.

Finally, the request includes $5.4 billion to bolster America’s submarine building capacity and provide Foreign Military Financing to allies in the Indo-Pacific region.

While this funding request is largely for real emergencies that merit serious consideration, it would be best for Congress to avoid financing them with more debt.